Wade in the water

A tip of the bathing-cap to the aquatic theme of this week's Sepia Saturday.
My folks, pictured deep in the land o' lakes above (Michigan), bought me this record when I was a kid -- selections from the TV folksong revue, "Hootenanny."

I grew very fond of several of the more upbeat folky songs on it ("Katie Cruel" in particular), but my least favorite (at the tender age of 10) was Judy Henske's rendition of the gospel song, "Wade in the Water." Between the intense lyrics and her growling performance, it terrified me.

At any rate, 50 years later I love Henske's performance. She foreshadows by several years another powerful emulator of black blues hollerers, Janis Joplin, who I also simply couldn't bear the first time I heard her, in 9th grade. (I was a sheltered child in the '60s... in addition to this record, my parents bought me Miles Davis and Schubert...an attempt, I suspect, to lure me away from the likes of Elvis Presley.)

I was quite pleased when the great '80s American band The Replacements stole the Hootenanny cover design for one of their own records.

Here are some interesting other renditions.

For more water wading of various sorts, don't forget to visit the afore-linked Sepia Saturday!


Wedding, Summer Solstice 1986

Today is Saturday, June 21, 2014. It is Summer Solstice. Twenty-eight years ago, Summer Solstice also fell on Saturday, June 21. We felt it was an auspicious day of the year to get married.

All photos by best bud Herb Payton. Thanks, padre.

First we led our small crew of witnesses across Puget Sound and around the top of the Olympic Peninsula to the deep fiord of Lake Crescent, and then through the woods to our chosen spot.

No fancy church for us.

I'd written a suitably idiosyncratic, humorous, and marginally poetic service, and we'd hired a local judge to do the honors. (She is now a State Supreme Court Justice.)

There was something meaningful about letting balloons loose across the lake, but I'm not sure what.

The parental units (mine bookending the group, Robin's mom and step-dad to the center right). Everyone was looking different directions because there were three photographers!

There was also something symbolic about finding a snakeskin in the grass -- old lives left behind, I reckon --  not to mention the deer who wandered by to watch the proceedings.

Live noodling by the talented brother-in-law in the sumptuous old lodge. The bartender was named Lloyd, like the one in "The Shining."

Cutting the custom cake (in a "Miami-Vice"color scheme, with abstract "New Wave" marzipan shapes and plastic bride and groom in hand-painted psychedelic dress). Plus PeeWee Herman-ish palm-tree vegetables as table decorations.

Pleased with ourselves.

Whew, that's over.
For more wedding content from the past, check out this week's Sepia Saturday.


Vanishing Point: The Michiganers

The opening photo today, a nod to this week's Sepia Saturday theme, was taken from the front yard of my father's childhood home in Elm, Michigan, looking across the cow-strewn fields where a freight train smokes away down the Pere Marquette railroad...an example of the "vanishing point" effect.

Not all that far away from Elm was the town of Hudson. And Hudson marks a sort of vanishing point for much of my family tree, where the roots disappear back into a darkish history.

The family album has several photos that don't note the subject's name. However, the backs bear the imprint of two photographers in Hudson, Michigan: Fred D. Brown and D.H. Spencer. Members of both the Hale and, predominantly, the Daniels, clans lived in the Hudson area in the late 1800s. (The longtime American English Hales married into the lately arrived English Danielses, who then married into the Scots/Irish Orrs, who then married into the longtime American English Bentleys.)

George Daniels, my great-great-grandfather, first acquired land in Concord, Michigan, near Battle Creek, in 1848.

 The first photo below I am guessing is a contemporary of George Daniels: Lucretia (Johnson) Hale, who was the mother of George's daughter-in-law Martha (Hale) Daniels. I make this guess based on the fact that it's a tintype (this one has no photographer imprint), and the only other such photos like it in the album are of Martha's daughters Louise and Alice, around 1876.  That was two years after the death of Henry Daniels' mother, Ann Twidale Daniels, the other likely candidate for the photo.

Lucretia would have been about 69 that year. Her husband Hiram Hale (a melodious and oddly common name, as it turns out) had been dead since 1861.

I believe the next photo is the same woman a few years later; her snood or scarf seems identical. She looks about ten years older, so if it's now around 1888, Lucretia would be 80. The young Danielses had moved from Lansing to nearby Hudson, where Henry's parents were now living, in Lenawee County, between 1870 and 1880.

It was a goodly sized family living in Concord as of 1850. The following photos, probably taken 20 years later, are possibly Henry H. Daniels' siblings Mary, b. 1837; Robert, b. 1833 MI; Benjamin, b. 1835; and/or William b. 1846. But no solid evidence exists aside from the photographer's location (Hudson being quite nearby) .

This guy looks to be about the right age to be Robert or Benjamin if this was taken in 1876. On the other hand, he bears a resemblance, especially in the mouth, to Martha Hale Daniels. Like George, she had three brothers and a sister: Andrew (b. 1837),  Benjamin (b. 1835), John (b. 1845), and  Alice (b. 1848) ... Still, everyone looked so "down in the mouth" in these portraits, it's hard to tell!


The Captain and the Captain's Wife

Henry H. Daniels was my paternal grandmother's maternal grandfather -- that is, my father's mother's mother's father. There's a nice sort of symmetry about that. He was born in Michigan in 1840, of English immigrants George Daniels (Lincolnshire) and Ann Twidale (Yorkshire). At this point I know very little about his family, but I know the following, thanks to 2nd Michigan Volunteer Infantry web site:
  • Henry H. Daniels was residing in Hudson at the outbreak of the Civil War.
  • He enlisted, in Hudson, as Sergeant in Company B 2nd Michigan Infantry, on the 10th of May 1861. He was 21 years old at this time.
  • He was promoted to Command Sgt. on 25 August 1862 (Acting Aide-de-camp to Colonel Fenton, 1st Brigade). He was transferred on the same day from Company B to Staff.
  • He was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant on 17 September 1862. He was transferred on the same day from Staff to Company H.
  • He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant on 24 February 1863 (Acting Aide-de-camp 1st Brigade, 1st Div., 9th Corps). He was transferred on the same day from Company H to Company D.
  • He was transferred on 27 May 1863 from Company D to Company I.
  • He was promoted to Captain on 12 March 1864 of Company C.
  • Promoted to Adjutant on 26 March 1864. He was transferred on 29 March 1864 from Company I to Staff.
  • He was transferred on 28 July 1864 from Staff to Company C.
  • He was discharged for wounds on 05 November 1864 as Aide-de-camp on staff of Colonel Leasure. 

His wife was Martha L. Hale, born around 1842 in New York state.Bentley family lore had it that she was related to the famous American patriot Nathan Hale (1755-1776). However, records are very spotty and inconsistent; it appears that her father, Hiram (1805-1861), was the son of a Nathaniel Hale (b. 1758), and I so far can't get the dots to connect. Oh well! At any rate, she looks a bit dour, doesn't she? But obviously she was in Henry's heart during the war -- and he looks pretty wistful about it (I'm assuming he's getting ready to leave for duty, with his Sergeant's stripes).

This book briefly lists the actions of the 2d Infantry...

"This Regiment left Detroit on the 5th of June, 1861 — the first of the three years' Regiments in the field from this State — with an aggregate force on its muster rolls of 1,013, to which 102 had been added previous to the 1st of July. Its first engagement was at Blackburn's Ford, Va., July 18th, 1861. During the winter it lay near Alexandria, Va., and in March was moved under McClellan to the Virginia Peninsula. It took part in the siege of Yorktown; in engagements at Williamsburg, May 5th; at Pair Oaks, May 21st; at Charles City Cross Roads, June 30; at Malvern Hill, July 1; and at Chantilly, September 1. Its casualties at Williamsburg were 17 killed, 38 wounded, and 4 missing; at Fair Oaks, 10 killed and 47 wounded. Major General Israel B. Richardson, who entered the service in this war as commanding officer of the 2d, when it was organized, died in October last, of wounds received in the battle of Antietam, in which he commanded a division of Union forces. On the 30th of November the aggregate of the Second Infantry, present and absent, was 642. It is in Burns' Division off the ninth army corps of the army of the Potomac..."

Here are the Danielses some years later in Cripple Creek. Henry took his daughters Alice and Louise west and joined the mineral rush like his inlaws-to-be the Orrs, in the Colorado mining industry.

There are some great photos on MiningArtifacts.org.

Perhaps surprisingly Henry is buried in Oakland, California, but his grandson Hugh wound up as an Oakland attorney. So there you go.

Finally, I just discovered a distinguished-looking Henry in the gloriously titled "Representative Men of Colorado in the Nineteenth Century: A Portrait Gallery of Many of the Men who Have Been Instrumental in the Upbuilding of Colorado, Including Not Only the Pioneers, But Others Who, Coming Later, Have Added Their Quota, Until the Once Territory is Now the Splendid State." (Rowell Art Publishing Company, 1902 - Colorado - 272 pages) Outside of this honor I can't find evidence of what made him so "instrumental," but I'll take their word for it!

Reference sites include Michigan In the War, Find a Grave, and FamilySearch.


The Miner

The son of Hugh Orr the cattleman, and father of Hugh Orr the athlete, is Gaylord A. Orr, my great-grandfather on my paternal grandmother's side.

Gaylord was born in 1866 in Nebraska, as his Irish family migrated slowly west, finally settling in Cripple Creek,Colorado.
A dapper young Gaylord
If these photos had not been annotated, I might not have guessed they were all of the same person. Gaylord's looks seem to significantly changed over the years, not least his hair styles. (For more hair nostalgia, see this week's Sepia Saturday post.)

Of a marrying age

Coming up in the world

Papa Orr

Gaylord and Louisa Orr

Gaylord purportedly did some prospecting and blacksmithing; this combination of interests seems possible given his patenting of the four devices below, a pneumatic rock drill, a drill chuck, a window sash fastener, and a tire filler!

I have not perused a lot of patents, but I think this last one proves to an interesting read.

Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Uct. 22, 1918.
Application tiled February 9, 1918. Serial No. 216,270.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GAYLORD A. 0RR, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cripple Creek, in the county of Teller and State of Colorado, have invented new and useful improvements in Tire-Fillers, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to fillers for tire casings and it has for its object to produce a filler of simple and improved form by the use of which the casing may be constantly maintained in a properly expanded condition for successful operation.
A further object of the invention is to produce a filler composed of a plurality of sections or units molded or otherwise made of rubber or other suitable material, said sections being assembled in annular form by means of rubber tubing and said sections or units being, furthermore, socketed for the reception of a connecting member made of fibrous material, such as ordinary rope which, by wetting the same, is expanded, thereby expanding the sections or units and causing the same to fit snugly and compactly within the tire casing.
A further object of the invention is to produce means whereby the fibrous core may be maintained in a moistened condition.
A further object of the invention is to produce a construction whereby the fibrous core will be free to contract longitudinally when expanded circumferentially by wetting by the same.
With these and other ends in view which will readily appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists in the improved construction and novel arrangement and combination of parts which will be hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings has been illustrated a simple and preferred form of the invention, it being, however, understood that no limitation is necessarily made to the precise structural details therein exhibited, but that changes, alterations and modifications within the scope of the claims may be resorted to when desired.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of a wheel and tire casing, the latter being equipped with the improved filler, parts having been broken away to illustrate the construction.
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 2 2 in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a perspective detail view of one of the filler units or sections showing also portions of the anchoring tubes and of the fibrous core.
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view of a wheel including a rim, casing and filler constructed in accordance with the invention.
Corresponding parts in the several figures are denoted by like characters of reference.
For the purpose of properly illustrating the invention, an ordinary automobile wheel has been shown, the same including a hub 15, spokes l6, rim 17, and tire casing 18, which latter may be of the clencher or any other well known type.
The filler within the tire casing is composed of a plurality of units or sections 19, of any desired length and of proper cross section to fit reasonably snugly within the casing, said units being also of acute form lengthwise so as to fit properly within the casing in connection with which they are used. The ends of each unit, indicated at 20, are tapered in the direction of the axis of the tire casing so that while the said units may abut on each other at the outer circumference, they will be spaced apart along the inner circumference producing wedge-shaped interspaces 21. This construction adapts units of standard form and size to be employed in connection with casings of different diameters, it being evident that when the units are used in connection with a casing of small diameter, the end faces of the respective units will more nearly approach each other along the inner circumference while, when the units are used in connection with a casing of large diameter, the end faces of the units will become further spaced apart along the inner circumference.
Each unit is provided with sockets of approximately circular cross section formed lengthwise therein, one of said sockets, 22, being formed in the inner face portion thereof which in practice lies adjacent to the rim of the wheel, the two remaining sockets 23 being formed in the side faces of the unit adjacent to the outermost portion hereof. Fitted in the sockets 23 are tubes 24 of rubber or other material whereby any desired number of units may be assembled to form an annulus that will sit within the tire casing 18. The ends of each tube 24 are connected together by a plug 25 which is cemented or otherwise secured in the ends of the tube. Fitted in the socket 22 is a core of fibrous material such as an ordinary rope 26. The rim 17 of the wheel is provided with a slot 27 through which the ends of the rope 26 may extend, the slot 27 being covered by means of a patch 2S which may be bolted or otherwise secured on the rim.
The rim 17 of the wheel is equipped with a plurality of cups or containers 29 connecting at their inner ends with the sockets 22 of some of the filler units, said cups being adapted to contain water whereby fibrous core 26 may be saturated causing circumferential expansion and longitudinal contraction thereof. In assembling the parts of the device together, the fibrous core is inserted in a perfectly dry state and the ends thereof are permitted to project through the slot 27. After placing the tire on the rim but before securing it in position by the usual clamping means, the wheel is placed or rotated in a tank or vessel containing water until the core has become thoroughly saturated and expanded, thereby expanding the filler units within the easing. The casing will thus be thoroughly expanded to a condition for most efficient service. To compensate for loss of moisture by evaporation, the cups 29 may be filled with water whereby the core will be maintained in a saturated condition as long as may be desired.
What is claimed as new is:
A filler for tire casings, comprising plurality of resilient units assembled in annular form, said units having longitudinal sockets in their inner faces and a fibrous core seated in said sockets, said core having free inwardly projecting ends to compensate for longitudinal contraction of the core; in combination with means for saturating the core to produce circumferential expansion and longitudinal contraction thereof.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for 50 cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.

There is a terrific site containing photos of Cripple Creek ephemera called mtgothictomes.com, including Mining Directories